All you have to do is look at the number of ergonomic products on the market to know that posture is a major concern these days. Poor posture can lead to a number of long-term and debilitating issues from carpal tunnel and tension headaches to back pain. If you are concerned about improving your posture, there are a few exercises you can do to strengthen your back and improve your posture. Keeping active as much as possible and continuing with routine everyday activities such as going to work, will hasten recovery from lower back pain. Limiting movement and doing little exercise will only increase the risk of developing chronic symptoms. For many back-pain sufferers, traditional treatment is usually confined to physical therapy and pain medication, but just as many patients are turning to chiropractic care as an alternate treatment and a means to avoid surgery. According to the Mayo Clinic's website, chiropractic medicine "is based on the concept that restricted movement in the spine may lead to pain and reduced function." Chiropractors often use spinal adjustment to treat restricted spinal mobility or decompression machines to help impaired disc heal. But is it worth trying? Hyperlordosis is an inborn exaggerated inward curve in the lumbar area. Scoliosis, an abnormal curvature of the spine in children, does not usually cause back pain. Nine out of ten cases report the absence or considerable reduction of pain within six weeks. Although the pain symptoms do improve, they may reoccur periodically afterwards. Minimal twinges of pain may be felt in one instance or another after the first big bout of back pain. Other sufferers experience a persistence of these minor pains for more than a month or two, giving rise to what is known as chronic back pain. If you are experiencing pain in your lower back, the cause could be a bulging disc in the lumbar region of your spine. The seriousness of the issue depends on the severity of the symptoms you experience. Sciatica features pain that runs from the lower back or buttocks down the back of the leg. Caused by compression on the sciatic nerve, which runs from the center of the lower back down the back of the leg to the calf muscle, the pain can be intense and long-lasting. Fortunately, many different kinds of doctors can treat sciatica. Back pain is one of the most common reasons people visit their doctor. According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, 25% of adults have at least a day of back pain during a typical 3 month period. For many people with lower and upper back pain, the way you sit and sleep affect and may even cause the problems you are having. You can fix this by using back support. Whether it's a small pillow resting behind you at the office all day, or the right kind of mattress at home, follow guidelines to support your back and alleviate pain and tension. Back pain can be the result of a variety of sources including back strain and a herniated disc. Symptomology is often so similar that it may require an MRI (magnetic resonance imagine) or discogram to determine an accurate diagnosis. Processes. Each vertebra in the spine has a number of bony projections called processes. The spinous and transverse processes attach to the muscles in the back and act like little levers, allowing the spine to twist or bend. The particular processes form the joints between the vertebrae themselves, meeting together and interlocking at the zygapophysial joints (more commonly known as facet, or z-joints). Spinal Canal. Each vertebra and its processes surround and protect an arch-shaped central opening. These arches, aligned to run down the spine, form the spinal canal, which encloses the spinal cord.